Randomized Controlled Trial is a controlled trial study in which participants are assigned to a study group. In a randomized controlled trial, participants are assigned to treatment conditions at random. Procedures are controlled to ensure that all participants in all study groups are treated the same except for the factor that is unique to their group. The unique factor is the type of intervention they receive.
The primary goal of conducting an RCT is to test whether an intervention works by comparing it to a control condition, usually either no intervention or an alternative intervention.